Biodiversity & Wild Horse Wipe-Out Bill masquerading currently as an anti-trapping bill: NM Senate Bill (SB32).
Help us to get this bill Amended Asap!
BIO-DIVERSITY losseswill be Arbitrary & Capricious: NM government agencies will be allowed to remove and dispose of native vertebrates w/o oversight, expertise, or specific public records requirements.
Without amendment, SB32 provides that: any federal or local governmental agencycould “capture” and “dispose” of any non-game vertebrate as a nuisance to non-native livestock or crops on our public lands under proposed Section NMSA 17-11-4.G., p. 5, lines 23-24, “. . . or to abate damages caused by any animal to property, crops or livestock.“
SB32 will not stop trapping on private lands, and will not stop governmental trapping on public lands. California and 85 other countries have banned trapping. Shall New Mexico be last?
Competition between livestock and game animals is the root cause of virtually all predator trapping, as predators are self-regulating and rarely attack people. New Mexico government is both pro-livestock and pro-hunting of game animals, and is anti-wildlife. This, does not represent the people. Many of these issues can be addressed through rural economic development utilizing the WHOA National Plan and a similar plan for Hunters.
WILD-EQUINE losses of our few remaining State’s wild horses, protected by law since 2007, will also be catastrophic. States have always owned their wildlife, even when roaming on federal lands, per the State Ownership Doctrine. Under SB32, Federal agencies would gain NM State’s “approval” for illegal capture of NM’s wild horses by the New Mexico Livestock Board (NMLB), as agent, on federal lands along with the “approval” to take other NM State’s wildlife on federal lands, which they have never had “ownership” or authority under the State Ownership Doctrine to do before!
These federal agencies under SB32 can put NM State’s wild horses in the hands of the NMLB, which has recently, repeatedly, and illegally, per the courts (see WHOA v. NMLB in 2015 and 2018), colluded, stole, and put our wild horses up for public auction which the courts then set FREE! Per a US Supreme Court ruling, these federal agencies including the BLM have also acted illegally in NM to wipe out our federally protected equines. NM agencies also endanger our protected wolves. NM now has no burros, and the 7000+ wild horses are down to only 543.
HENCE, AMENDMENT Needed: Please join us in asking the NM Senate Judiciary Committee and the NM Legislature to pass an amendment to SB32 which willensure this bill does not refer to equines,and also removes the second clause in NMSA 17-11-4.G., p. 5, lines 23-24, “. . . or to abate damages caused by any animal to property, crops or livestock.“ This clause is heinous and must be removed because native wildlife families will be thrown out of their perennial wildland home, in favor of seasonal non-native livestock.
Legislators have an ethical duty to represent the people, and therefore to understand what they are voting on. The wildlife belongs to the people of the state and the state is the trustee. Unequal protection of the livestock industry will no longer suffice.
CAVEAT:AlthoughSB32 is supported by theSierra Club and Animal Protection Votersof NM, please don’t let this confuse you. Sierra Club has advocated since 1975 against free roaming wild horses as natives, and APVNM has recently lobbied against wild horses in favor ofalivestock industrybill in 2017and their testimony has aided another. These bills were Senator Pat Wood’s anti-wild horse bills SB126 and SB158.
WHITE BOARD VIDEO ON SB126:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kg6ata_bvc8 This was also supported by the Cattle Growers, Wool Growers, and NM Livestock Bureau lobbyists, alongside the APVNM lobbyist. They were notcompromise bills in any sense and would have handed jurisdiction of wild horses over to the NMLB, and worse. See Whiteboard Video explanation of these tricky bills with non-helpful edits above.
SB126 came back morphed in 2019 as SB158, still working to undo the wild horse protections won in NMSA 77-18-5 (2007) which had been upheld by the Courts thanks to citizens’ due process at great care, expense, and effort.
APVNM continued to claim in 2019 that the NMLB already had jurisdiction over NM State’s wild horses but did not generally or publicly notify members when these bills would be heard. This jurisdiction fallacy supported SB158 and was finally laid to rest in the House Indian Affairs Committee, 2019, where SB158 itself was also finally laid to rest in favor of a pro-wild horse Memorial offered by three Representatives, HM93 (2019).
Unfortunately, APVNM/APNM lobbying alongside the livestock industry lobbyists for bad bill SB126 and their false jurisdiction argument in 2019, gave legislators a pro-animal name to hide their anti-wild horse and pro-livestock industry votes behind. We are now worried that this may have constituted illegal conspiracy under US Title 18; NMSA Chapter 10, Title 16, etc., and more, for those bills and perhaps for SB32 as well.
 New Section 17-11-2. H. “”government entity” means a local, state, or federal government body or agency; a political subdivision of the state; or an employee, agent, or representative of the body, agency, or political subdivision. . . .” Political subdivision includes Land Grants which will still be allowed to trap under the definition of public lands in 17-11-2-K.
 In 2019 this administration passed “wild-life” corridor bills for free range livestock and game animals only, refusing to provide like corridors for the legally wild horses of Placitas or Lincoln County, etc., and also not providing same for other non-game vertebrates. New Mexico BLM and NMLB have all but wiped-out our legally wild equines, from only ~7000 in 1974 down to 543 in 1978 without explanation. NM is the only state in the Union which defied the 1971 Wild Horse and Burro Act (“1971 Act”) as unconstitutional all the way to the US Supreme Court, where they lost, after wiping out Lincoln Co.’s Wild Burros.
 1995 Joint Report to Congress by the BLM and USDA FS. The tables therein also illustrate that no other state has wiped out their Wild equines as has NM, or sued over the constitutionality of the 1971 Act.
 APVNM stands for Animal Protection Voters which is the lobbyist arm of Animal Protection of New Mexico. These groups have done plenty of good works for other animals, however appear to not be open about their stance on FREE ROAMING Wild Horses and one other related issue.
While the Wild Horse Observers Association (WHOA) was peacefully watching over New Mexico’s Legally Wild Horses which had been illegally captured and put up for public auction for slaughter by the New Mexico Livestock Board, the New Mexico police came and targeted one of the three WHOA environmentalists there, handcuffing her from behind, and throwing her to the ground, backwards.
They forcefully held her down causing her injury while intentionally risking her life due to health complications absolutely known to them. They refused to allow her arms in front of her, while keeping her on her back, causing further associated grave health risk, though she was causing no threat of anything.
The police however were looking for a story to somehow paint WHOA as an environmental terrorist. WHOA had lawfully passed legislation in 2007 and defended successfully in court an environmental law protecting the very few remaining NM wild horses and their habitat – despite NM media spewing outlandish numbers provided to them by the Cattle Growers and a faux Animal Protection Group.
WHOA recorded the entire life threatening event thankfully, as the state of New Mexico illegally hid their police cam recordings and provided only one paper showing the State Penn had received a call (until years later when they received WHOA’s video evidence recording the entire horrific event) There were ~ 6 police vehicles and an ambulance there on rt 14 that day where the wild horses were being held across the field at the Santa Fe State Prison
WHOA’s activist Jessica Guttman a well know Environmental and Patient’s Rights activist in NM and her attorneys have recently won in court on all points against this brutal, illegal use of force to intimidate. To be clear, Jessica Guttman and her attorneys did not “settle” for money. New Mexico was found guilty on all points, and then NM negotiated on the lawful amount for damages. (See Story Below)
“Judge rules wild horses to be returned to Alto – The judge ruled the state livestock board does not have jurisdiction over the horse herd and is enjoined from any further unlawful possession and selling of Lincoln County wild horses”
However, the state of New Mexico which uses tax dollars to harass, intimidate and harm environmentalists, is again using tax dollars to appeal WHOA’s win for feasible humane management of our Wild Horses by immuno-contraception versus expensive feedlot glutting which profits wildlife opposition at tax payer expense and slaughter over-the border and over-seas.
BUT WHY HARRASS PEACEFUL ENVIRONMENTALISTS?
As always, follow the money. In a nutshell, the answer is the Factory “Farm Bill”. Wild Horses and their predators are a native to North America and Americans love their “domestic” horses as well, but both are considered competition for the Livestock industry as there are hay shortages every year.
Moreover, Congress has allowed the intentional glutting/ruining of the “domestic” horse market as it is “domestic” horses. There are ~ 10 million domestic horses per a Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report to Congress in 2016. These domestic horses compete with the 93 million cattle per the USDA, for hay. The livestock industry maintains that they have LESS cattle than before, however each bovine weighs ~ 1/3 more than they did in the 1970’s due to genetic maneuvers. This greed for more hay for more profit overseas is also demanding on America’s fresh water supplies and on our wildlife.
Hence Wild Horses are not managed on the range and are instead used to glut and destroy the domestic horse market AND are dangerously sold/given away below kill buyer prices. Further, due to the intentional market glutting, there are no-longer Arabian Farms, Morgan Farms etc. selling horses.
Congress on down to the state level (both parties) looks the other way due to Farm Bill Kickbacks through the livestock industry since 1933, now at ~ $150 Billion/year and growing.
Hence the Department of Interior’s long term illegal malicious management of Wild Horses. Their refusal to feasibly humanely manage wild horses on the range as wildlife. In addition, they perform horrific helicopter round ups and also Puppy Mill wild horses into ranchers personally profitable unnatural private feed lots, as if livestock, without vet care after gelding, families destroyed, using tax dollars while the public does not have oversight access to their private properties called long term holding.
Congressional Members of both parties have disgracefully blocked, using duplicitous tactics, the use of known feasible immuno-contraception since 1995 and at the same time, used tax dollars ($121 Million/year) to brutally wipe out all of their native natural predators through USDA’s Wildlife Services and then complain that wild horses have no natural predators. https://www.predatordefense.org/USDA.htm
Congress has spent more money killing the native predators of the native horse for the livestock industry, than it has spent managing the wild horses. The media spins against the wild horses and American culture, but does not investigate.
SANTA FE – New Mexico State Police have reached a $300,000 settlement with a disabled woman who accused an officer of grabbing and handcuffing her after she refused to provide identification in 2016.
Jessica Guttman claimed in her 2018 lawsuit that she and two friends were parked on the side of a highway looking at horses when officer Kevin Smith pulled up with his cruiser’s lights flashing and asked what they were doing.
Smith wrote in his report that he had been sent to the site following a call from nearby prison officials who were suspicious of the women, The Santa Fe New Mexican reported.
Guttman, 45, gave her name to the officer and Smith asked to see her ID. Guttman refused and started walking away.
Smith grabbed Guttman’s arms and placed them behind her back while trying to handcuff her.
Guttman said in her lawsuit that the incident caused her so much anxiety she fell to the ground and had seizures. Guttman had suffered a traumatic brain injury earlier in her life and has difficulty communicating verbally, she said in her lawsuit.
“It would have been reasonably apparent to a well-trained officer that Ms. Guttman is or may be disabled,” the lawsuit said.
Smith wrote in his report at the time that Guttman “refused to calm down” and that she tried to bite an officer who was attempting to “support her as she thrashed.”
He added that he determined Guttman and her friends were not parked “for malicious intent, rather they were there for the horses.”
Two State Police spokesmen, Dusty Francisco and Ray Wilson, did not respond to questions from the Associated Press about the case or Smith’s current employment status.
C. Owners of livestock ranging in pastures through which unfenced roads or highways pass shall not be liable for damages by reason of injury or damage to persons or property occasioned by collisions of vehicles using the roads and highways and livestock ranging in the pastures unless the owner of the livestock is guilty of negligence other than allowing livestock to range in the pasture.
D. As the department of transportation’s annual budget permits, the department of transportation shall:
(1) construct, inspect regularly and maintain fences along all highways under its jurisdiction and provide cattle underpasses, water pipelines and cattle guards as the department of transportation may deem necessary, unless it makes a fact determination that no livestock can enter the highway from a portion left unfenced; and
(2) post proper signs along all highways under its jurisdiction that are not fenced on both sides and that are located adjacent to property containing livestock. The signs shall be located at intervals of not more than two miles along such unfenced highways; provided that sign intervals and postings shall be consistent with the department of transportation’s specifications for a uniform system of traffic-control devices, subject to traffic safety engineering discretion, and shall warn motorists that loose livestock may be encountered and that caution should be used.
E. A person who violates the provisions of Subsection A or B of this section is guilty of a penalty assessment misdemeanor.
A. “human-caused barrier” means a road, culvert, commercial or residential development or other human-made structure that has the potential to affect the natural movement of wildlife across the landscape;
B. “large mammal” includes mule deer, elk, pronghorn antelope, bighorn sheep, black bear and mountain lions;
C. “species of concern” means a wildlife species identified by the department of game and fish as being adversely affected by habitat fragmentation exacerbated by human-caused barriers and the high potential of wildlife-vehicle collisions; and
D. “wildlife corridors” means those areas used routinely by wildlife to travel through their habitat and includes corridors used by migrating wildlife.
The Choreographed “Players” Sponsored Dance of Horse Slaughter
For the Livestock Industry
A SAFE “ACT” Hearing Held By Congress, Scapegoating Wild Horses
SAFE Act Update
Citizens Against Equine Slaughter
30 january, 2020
Today the ~ 5 year old SAFE ACT currently called H.R. 961 along with 9 other bills all at once were discussed in a so called hearing of the Subcommittee on Health of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. . . and what a sham it was making a mockery of 224 co-signers, 80% of the American people, and their representational democracy.
Enter the now infamous player, the ASPCA, of the recent ASPCA et al. massive wild horse round-up plan, to “defend” the SAFE ACT, oh so earnestly as a faithful yet uncredentialed pawn. While the opponents brought in their expert witness a veterinarian ready to professionally hand wave away, anything the non-credentialed stated, and that he did, poorly, but it didn’t matter, the deck was stacked.
The SAFE ACT was introduced by Representative Janice D. Schakowsky of Illinois. She and the Chair understood and led “the dance” There was very little time for any party to provide a defense as mis-matched opponents testified, with scientists being the only ones given credence and all the bills heard at once in a livestock soup.
Testimony was given by Nancy Perry, Senior Vice President, Government Relations, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) , and opposition by Douglas Corey, D.V.M., from the Unwanted Horse Coalition and Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association. (Ms. Perry gives her testimony a 2:53:30 in the Hearing video, with Dr. Corey following directly after)
The biggest ‘planned mistake’ made by Representative Schakowsky was in not having someone there to testify in support of the bill who had a veterinary degree or a medical-scientific degree. Her ‘expert’ Ms. Perry quoted a professionally PEER reviewed article, however the Chair condescendingly side slammed her for daring to rebut the veterinarian’s governmental (GAO) report to Congress as “anecdotal” or without actual or sufficient data.
While Ms. Perry did not appear to have brought along proof of what she asserted, there wouldn’t have been time anyway in this mixed up livestock soup called a “hearing”.
When opening remarks were made from the subcommittee members. The only reference to the SAFE Act among all the other bills introduced was from Representative Greg Walden of Oregon, who didn’t name the bill but rather discussed other bills and then said he was concerned that “other” bills to be discussed would have some “unintended consequences.”
Glaringly, SAFE ACT “Co-signer” Representative Ben Ray Lujan of New Mexico a member of this Health sub-committee was a NO-SHOW. Certainly he apparently had something else way more important?
However Congressman Walden showed up to put the nail in their coffin!
He has been a long time political puppet for the livestock industry especially in his district in eastern Oregon. Passing bills like the Steens Mountain Act of 2000 which made some extremely lopsided land trades and created an advisory council for public lands management that has its own pile of legal gray-area issues. However, it was abundantly clear that the almost under-the breath comment made at the end of his remarks (“unintended consequences”) was directed toward the SAFE Act.
For years now the argument used to fight the SAFE Act is that if we close the borders to slaughter, meaning that American horses could not be shipped across the border to be slaughtered for human consumption, there would be a problem with where “unwanted horses” would go leading to an increase of neglected, abandoned or dumped horses. This is the unintended consequence Representative Walden of Oregon feigned without basis, to put the nail in their coffins.
Ms. Perry and Dr. Corey testified further during the second portion of the hearing today. Ms. Perry spoke about the dangers of chemicals routinely given to horses in the United States that are banned for use in animals raised for human consumption. She spoke specifically about phenylbutazone(bute), a drug that is never for use in food animals, never leaves the tissues and one that the FDA has found and acted on when discovered in meat intended for human consumption in the US.
Ms. Perry stated that slaughter is not humane euthanasia.
Dr. Corey DVM, stated that slaughter is humane euthanasia.
However he said it as a Veterinarian, though it is not.
But you see the dynamic.
Slaughter is done for food only and that involves cruel methods that were never designed for a horse and are often ineffective creating a more horrifying end for the animal. The other, euthanasia, is done to provide a painless end of life because the horse is ill or in such pain that death is imminent or the kindest thing to do.
Slaughter – the killing of animals for food.
Euthanasia – the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma.
Then Dr. Corey erroneously testified that the chemical safety issue was negated by time. He explained this by claiming it would no longer be an issue because once horses are shipped to Canada or Mexico to be slaughtered the country would hold the animals for 6 months, and then tested for drug residues to ensure the chemicals were no longer in the tissues. This was incorrect for 2 reasons; 1. Mexico has no such hold on horses entering from the United States, and 2. Some chemicals such as bute, never leave the tissues. Remember, once the European Union (EU) stopped buying horse meat from Mexico, he was not able to support his claims.
Dr. Corey stated that since the ban on US slaughter there has been an increase in the number of investigations for neglected animals, and dumped or abandoned animals. What he didn’t say but Ms. Perry did point out is that the timing of the GAO report he was quoting was begun the same time the United States entered a recession. Therefore there is no data that confirms the end of slaughter in the US had anything to do with the increase in investigations, or abandonment.
ENTER WILD HORSES!
The telling, and perhaps most alarming, turn in the hearing was an awkward segway created by Congressman Griffith of VA who is opposed to the bill. He found a way to bring the plight of American wild horses into the situation. By stating that in his area of VA there used to be a saying that when you take your livestock to sale you had better lock-up your hauler because otherwise you get done selling your animals and go back to find someone dumped a load of unwanted horses in it. ( hearsay) This was at approximately 4:07:30 in the video. Dr. Corey replied with further hearsay: “Actually in the west we found that to be true and I’ve talked to several state veterinarians that have indicated that horses were abandoned and turned out in the wild with the wild roaming horses and that is a fact.”
Later Congressman Griffith got a second round of questions (approx 4:19:00 in the video) for the panel and went back to the SAFE Act bill saying:
“Dr. Corey you mentioned retirement homes for horses. That’s a term I’ve often used. We’re spending more than 80 million a year on retirement homes horses. There are not enough families out there who want to adopt, or enough facilities to adopt, which is why we have approximately 50 thousand horses from federal lands now in what I call retirement homes.
Shame on you Representative Griffith. These are factually false statements, and you have at a minimum, not done your homework on a bill before you, or a budget you voted to pass for the BLM to manage wild horses.
First of all the 80 million dollar budget BLM is appropriated for wild horses and burro management is not spent entirely on warehousing wild horses. And if the agency would manage them on the range using more feasible methods of population control, there would be very little needed to warehouse horses, because it would be rare any would have to be removed from the range.
Secondly, it is illegal for federal agencies managing wild horses, such as the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) or the Forest Service (FS) to ship wild horses or sell wild horses to a person known to ship them to slaughter. So this is never a legal avenue to deal with the people’s wild horses in holding that were removed from our public lands.
And finally, CAES has just this month, filed lawsuit alleging wild horses from the holding facility in Oregon are missing (numbering in the hundreds). The case was based on documentation provided by a Freedom of Information Act request, and BLM lying about how many were in holding, when 4 of our members went and physically counted horses and compared tag no.s at the facility.
Did Representative Griffith and Dr. Corey just confirm our fears that our wild horses removed are being illegally slid out the back door to slaughter?
In their own words? Basically, YES.
The case we filed is against those BLM employees at a federal facility in Oregon, in Congressman Walden’s district. Is he blocking this bill knowing the horses warehoused at a federal facility in his district would no longer be able to be snuck out and shipped off to slaughter?
We also noted, at the end of the Hearing a list of letters read, (many look good players) in support or opposition of various bills, revealed that:
A letter was sent to Vice President Pence from an organization
based in eastern Oregon called Protect the Harvest strong supporters of horse slaughter and wild mare, experimental ovariectomies..
It is important to note here that Forest Lucas, owner of Lucas Oil and founder of Protect the Harvest is a personal friend of Vice President Pence. Previously they have collaborated in the case of a father and son ranching family who were jailed for arson on public lands in eastern Oregon. VP Pence and Mr Lucas secured a pardon by President Trump for the Hammond’s. That came after the Hammond jail sentence to meet the minimum sentence was rallied against sparking an armed srtand-off in eastern Oregon. That stand-off was led by Ammon and Ryan Bundy (sons of Cliven) who are well-known anti-federal government, cowboys who believe public lands should not be managed by the federal government. The stand-off was staged after the armed group took over a federal building in a wildlife refuge in eastern Oregon.
Protect the Harvest is also one of the leading organizations promoting the surgical experiments to perform wild mare sterilizations. When BLM was stopped by CAES from doing these experiments, the BLM colluded with Protect the Harvest to have members of the organization purchase horses from the BLM and do experiments on them which circumvented the AWA regulations for experimenting on wildlife because once a wild horse is purchased they lost their wild status and become legally labelled as livestock, thus following livestock laws for the procedures which are much less protective for the animal. Has Protect the Harvest done any scientific studies on the chemicals in spayed mares that are sent to slaughter for human consumption? Our lawsuit against the spays discussed the use of chemicals that would present a health hazard to animals who prey on wild horses and ingest the meat. So Protect the Harvest cannot say they support slaughter, and at the same time send animals that are full of toxic chemicals, including ones from these surgical experiments that are known to be dangerous for any consumer of the meat.
We have long had a problem with co-signers of this bill not taking any action to move the bill forward. Simply adding your name, and getting kudos, is not enough, the horses need them to make a commitment and represent us on that commitment, not just make a look good choreographed moove.
I, Dr. Lester
Friedlander DVM BA of Bradford County Pennsylvania do
, hereby state that the facts above set forth are
true and correct (or are true and correct to the best of my knowledge,
information and belief) and that I expect to be able to prove the same at a
hearing held in this matter. I understand that the statements herein are made
subject to the penalties of 18 Pa.C.S. § 4904 (relating to unsworn
falsification to authorities).
… Signature: REDACTED
I am the
president of Citizens Against Equine Slaughter (CAES) a national 501c3
non-profit based in Oregon.
affidavit, I re-assert everything I stated in my previous affidavit/s for this
Muddy Creek HMA.
As I stated:
“Only the Secretary of the Interior can authorize a round up by helicopter as
clearly, this is a very dangerous situation for the wild horses. However, there
is no legal right to condone extreme animal cruelty, harassment and death as
wild horses are not livestock.”
previous affidavit I outlined many of the atrocities of helicopter round ups
BLM has two veterinary groups and the
Inspector General observe from afar,
helicopter round -ups” in an effort to have them declared humane. (See foot
notes 10,11,12 on pg 25 of BLM Response)
Now the BLM
comes and states that two groups of veterinarians and the inspector General
have studied and or declared that helicopter round ups are humane (without an
actual study) and that they are necessary. However, this is wholly unreasonable without
an actual study.
are alternatives for on range management as called for by these veterinarians
as well as proof that the gather and removal off the range is not working, per
these reports, the in state of Utah alone over 15,000 horses have already been
gathered. This amount of gathers, handling, and feeding is astounding versus
the ease that the originating horses could be simply darted on the range with
nowhere near the amount of cost, time, harassment, and cruelty as recommended
by the National Academy of Sciences.
Veterinarians have also recommended that helicopter usage include wide angle
cameras for study and documentation as
has CAES repeatedly for years. This would also handle handicap access.
traps around water sources would suffice for simple on the ground darting or
darting from helicopter one family at a time. If people can go out to these
places to manage their cattle, why cannot we go out to the horses and lure trap
for darting and release? An example is shown in my previous Affidavit of the
lure traps at the Soccorro BLM in NM.
The Inspector General states that the
National Academy of Sciences should be followed as the best science however
does not follow through. Excuses given that logistics are different than
Assateague a 45,000 acre island. However, it is easier to design logistics at
places that are not surrounded by water.
However, this field office, this agency, and
this government are essentially blocking the best alternative as recommended by
the National Academy of Sciences. Be that as it may, this Secretary of State
has no legal right to act inhumanely against both the 1971 Act, the animal
cruelty laws of the states and the nation .
No Veterinarian has even sat in a
helicopter during any round up in these three “studies”.
In the BLM
Response to Appellees Statement of Reasons, though the BLM makes the claim that
Veterinarians have studied helicopter round ups, no Veterinarian has even sat
in a helicopter during a helicopter round up. They have only sat at the capture
shute areas as do other citizens. The 4 independent Veterinarians did actually go
for a ride in a helicopter over a number of HMA’s, but not during a round-up.
There have been no Scientific or
Veterinary Study of helicopter round ups and the associated issues such as Post
Capture Myopathy Syndrome or Rhabdomyolysis. (See Attachments 1, 2)
Short List of Issues
Here is a
short list of the issues with the two “Veterinary Studies” of APHA and AAEP of 2010
foot notes 10 and 12 respectively. Both show some serious effects of helicopter
round ups as well which illustrate that these are inhumane and do not include
the first 5 to 6 miles of wild horses falling out prior to the gather shuts.
that they did these two “Veterinary Studies” lets us know that they themselves
know that there should be a study and that treating wild horses in this manner
is indeed extreme animal cruelty on all levels and these “studies” are little
more than a cover up albeit with a few decent recommendations, though the BLM
did not implement them.
Vets of the AAEP which are not without a conflict of interest. They are the
founding member of the unwanted horse coalition which is comprised in part by
pro-horse slaughter members. Their names are not even included in the “study”.
Their questionnaires were not even included in the “study”.
AAEP Veterinarian rode/flew in a helicopter during a round-up, which are easily
were no cameras on the helicopters monitoring and documenting what was
happening during the round ups in the 5 -7 mile or so stampedes.
was no statistical study showing previous vs post conditions by age, by gender,
by pregnant or not pregnant, by body score, etc.
was no statistical study showing White Muscle disease by distance run, number
of horses run, age. There was no one on
the ground to study and or follow-up with any horses which fell out.
was no selection process of only heathy adults male or female, or random
selection process with results tabulated.
is no hypothesis.
is no alternative or control studied.
The BLM has not implemented the AAEP recommendations underlined
below as well as those of the APHA or the Inspector General.
Here are the recommendations of 10 AAEP Veterinarians. Page
American Association of Equine Practitoners
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
Horse and Burro Program
BLM Task Force Report
HORSES ON THE RANGE
BLM should utilize the best science available to obtain accurate herd management area
census information in order to determine the healthy sustainable
equid numbers for each area.
BLM should prioritize
research and application of effective methods to reduce the foaling rate in
WILD HORSE GATHERS
contract helicopter pilots should always maintain a safe distance between the helicopter and any
horses that are being gathered, and between the helicopter and the ground.
capture pens should be constructed so that pen configurations include wider
narrow lanes for temporary holding of animals that have just been captured.
gives passive animals a
circular escape from aggressive animals.
• The trap should be constructed with
solid side panels in the final capture pen to prevent
horses from getting their heads or legs
outside of the pen and to discourage horses from
attempting to climb out of the
use of existing barb wire
fence as a stage for a jute wing should be discouraged. If barb wire
fence must be used, any areas where the horses will be actively driven should
be covered with jute to prevent injury.
The task force encourages current efforts to produce a centralized database to track the history of
all horses in the BLM program. The records should include positive
or negative trends in adoption programs and socially productive programs like
those in place at certain prisons.
Again, The BLM has not implemented any of the above underlined recommendations.
To wit, no census at Muddy Creek, only estimates from previous estimates, and
the Muddy Creek Field office rounded up 153 wild horses and released 2 with
birth control. This is an insult to science and to the wild horses and the
In this Muddy Creek “census” analysis
there was no census. According to the BLM Response here is how the number of
horses was estimated:
Page 3,4 of the BLM Response excerpt:
“As of March 1, 2018, the
of wild horses within the Muddy
Creek HMA was 195, and BLM projected that the population would reach 224
horses by the end of the summer of2018. EA at 000166, Table l. BLM
based its population projection on
adding a 15% foal increase for 2017 and 2018 to the April 2017 population survey
see also EA Appendix C. These wild horse
population projections and BLM
range conditions led BLM to determine that excess horses existed
within the Muddy Creek HMA and that excess horses needed to be removed in order
to restore a thriving natural ecological balance, maintain multiple-use
relationships, and prevent further degradation of rangeland resources resulting
from the overpopulation of wild horses.
(However Note) “This monitoring data is on file
within the BLM Price Field Office.” It is not in the hands of the public.
Rhabdomyolysis (White Muscle Disease – not communicable
The AAEP Report also gave evidence that this helicopter gather
process was unnatural and fatal to wild horses. See Excerpt below on pg. 25.
This showed evidence of “Capture Myopathy” but no recommendation was made to
study the humanity of the helicopter round up exertion or to condemn this
process in favor of humane and feasible alternative of dartable contraception
(PZP) rather than Gona Con which is hormonal and is not dartable.
“Condition of the
horses after the gather: The
condition of the horses immediately after capture was judged to be good, with the exception of the one
horse that collapsed and died right before entering the trap. There was
no sign of exhaustion or medical compromise in the other horses that were observed
being gathered. The
gathered horses had elevated respiratory rates as expected for any
exercised horse, and some had mild to moderate body coat sweat
which was dependent on the weather and distance traveled.?
APHA Main Recommendations – Group of 4 Independent Veterinarian
(From Foot note 10 on pg 25 of BLM Response) Excerpts below with
Observer Pilot Program
Overview One of the American
Horse Protection Association’s (“AHPA”) missions is the protection and
preservation of America’s wild horses and burros on US public rangelands. The
Bureau of Land Management’s (“BLM”) has the authority and responsibility to
ensure, to its best ability, the welfare of wild horses and burros during the
gather, holding, and transporting process when horses are removed from public
Ø Consider installing camera monitors in the chutes/corrals at short
term holding facilities or trap sites for the public to observe gathering,
loading, unloading and preparation of animals. The public could watch at the
short term holding facilities and not be additionally stressful to the animals.
Ø Consider mounting a wide-angle lens camera on the
helicopter during gather to record movement and behavior of the horses to study
the effects of the helicopter on the horses.
In line with BLM’s
ongoing development of its animal welfare program, in June 2010, AHPA offered
to initiate a Pilot Independent Designated Observer Program (“Pilot Program”)
that involved the observation and reporting on the care and handling of wild
horses and burros during the gather process at three major summer gathers:
Owyhee HMA (NV); Stinking Waters HMA (OR); and Twin Peaks HMA (CA). It is
important to note that the Pilot Program was not intended to replace public
observation days. Additionally, the Pilot Program was specific to the care and
handling of the animals only. BLM policy regarding removals was not within the
scope of the Pilot Program.
• Horses travelled an average of
5-7 miles to trap site, and a Judas (or Prada) horse was utilized. Most
horses entered the trap at a trot, some at a canter.
• At the Stinking Water
gather, a 23 year old
stallion jumped out of the pen and escaped the trap site. About ½ mile
from trap, he was subsequently roped and his legs were tied while in a
recumbent position, and eventually was transported in a two compartment stock
horse trailer back to the Burns Corrals.
• At the Owyhee gather,
horses were observed to be tucked
up suggesting decreased water intake. Some foals had mud on their faces,
suggesting they had been trying to suck water because their dams were not
producing sufficient milk, and willingly drank water from a bucket which is
uncommon and implies tremendous thirst.
• Hoof condition was
generally good with no significant defects. One foal at the Stinking Water
gather had noticeable
chipping in one hoof but was not lame.
• Coat/hide condition
was generally good and clean, and indicative of the summer season.
• Lameness: One mare at
the Bull Flats temporary holding facility (Twin Peaks gather) was grade 3 lame at the trot, with no visible
lesions. At the Litchfield short term holding facility two foals were observed to be
stiff and foot sore but mobile. One stallion at the Owyhee gather came in lame with an old
• Injuries: One mare
with pre-existing injury
to hind leg at the Twin Peaks gather; superficial scrapes/kick wounds
and one ~4 inch laceration
which was sutured by the APHIS veterinarian in the squeeze chute at the
Stinking Water gather; cuts
and scrapes were noted at the Owyhee gather and were most often treated
with a furazone type product. • Illness: A few horses exhibited colicky signs at the Owyhee
gather; one mare was
observed to have symptoms of rhabdomyolysis at the Stinking Water
Recommendations Based on
the observations of the 4 independent designated observers, the following
recommendations are offered for consideration:
Ø If at all possible, horses should not be roped or
tied down in a recumbent position for prolonged periods of time, especially
coinciding with exhaustive or over-heated conditions. Strict criteria
should be established to determine the initiation and purpose of this practice.
If necessary to implement these procedures, these horses should be identified,
marked, and/or confined separately from the others in the gather and observed for any injuries or
metabolic conditions for the next 48 hours. This could be achieved by moving
these animals to designated, smaller holding corrals.
Ø Excessively aggressive horses (studs or mares) should
be isolated as soon as possible or grouped with horses they were with before capture (i.e.,
a harem stallion with his foals or dry mares) rather than stand waiting in the
chutes or alleyways.
Ø Horses held in any enclosure
over 4 hours after the gather at the trap site should be provided with access
to hay and water in at least 100 gallon containers unless the horses are
seriously dehydrated or compromised and, in the opinion of a veterinarian,
should have restricted access to reduce the risk of water intoxication. Ø Lidocaine spray (or other
topical anesthetic) should be utilized by attending veterinarians in order to
facilitate suturing of wounds in horses in the squeeze chute. Ø Transport (unloading and loading) of animals
should be kept to a minimum.
Inspector General US Dept. of Interior 2011
(Foot note 11 pg. 25 BLM Response)
Like the other Veterinary Reports above, the inspector general’s
report did not scientifically prove any of the statements regarding helicopter
round ups as humane as no tests of helicopter round ups in progress were
performed, only observation from the ground at the end of a 5 to 7 mile long
To address the issues
outlined in this inspection, we recommend that BLM:
Continue moving forward with the Secretary’s initiative
and BLM’s program
to the extent that:
1. There is urgent and aggressive focus on
research and testing of improved
methods to balance wild horse and burro population
growth with adoption
demand, thereby minimizing the need for additional
long-term holding facilities and preserves.
2. There is
an ambitious effort to minimize and reduce over the long
need for short- and
long-term storage facilities.
3. The best science for wild horse and burro management and needed new
research is coordinated with and confirmed by the National Academy of
Other Names: Exertional
myopathy, overstraining disease, exertional rhabdomyolusis
myopathy (CM) is a non-infectious disease of wild and domestic animals in which
muscle damage results from extreme exertion, struggle, or stress. CM often
occurs as a result of chemical immobilization, capture, or transport, but it is
not always associated with capture and can be the result of other causes of
myopathy is an important cause of death in wild animals that are handled by
humans, and people working with wildlife must take great care to prevent it.
can occur naturally when prey animals are attempting to avoid predation, but it
is usually caused by
humans. This is because animals are adapted to escape from predators,
but are not adapted to
struggle for long periods of time in man-made restraints. Capture
myopathy occurs when animals overexert themselves (struggling in a trap for
example) so much that physiological imbalances develop and result in severe
muscle damage. Hotter
temperatures and repeated chemical immobilization increase the risk of animals
suffering from CM.
signs vary depending on the species and the cause of exertion; the method of
capture and restraint plays a major role in the occurrence of CM. Capture myopathy
may result in sudden death, or clinical signs may develop hours, days, or up to two months following
capture. Early clinical signs include elevated respiratory rate, heart rate, and body
temperature. Body temperature increases during exertion and higher temperatures are often
associated with death due to CM. Other clinical signs include depression, lack
of response to stimuli, loss of coordination, weakness, muscle stiffness,
tremors, muscle paralysis, recumbency, shock, and at times death.
skeletal and sometimes cardiac muscle observed at necropsy is indicative of
capture myopathy. Similar gross lesions may be found in animals with certain
nutritional deficiencies, and specialized tests may be necessary to reach a
diagnosis. Gross changes in muscle appearance may not be observable in animals
that died acutely of CM.
of wildlife suffering from CM is rarely successful, and animals often die from
Everyone who captures and restrains
wildlife should be aware of the risks of capture myopathy and should make every
effort to prevent its occurrence. Wild animals should only be captured when
necessary, and the negative affects that capture may have on an animal’s
health should always be considered before beginning a management or scientific
project. People should utilize capture methods that minimize animal stress,
struggling, and handling time. For example, sound should be kept to a minimum,
a blindfold should be placed over the animal’s eyes, and workers should be
efficient so that the animal may be released as soon as possible. Appropriate
methods may vary for each species, so research should be conducted in order to
select the ideal capture method.
Exertional Rhabdomyolysis – Wild horses are flight animals and very susceptible
to this disease which can go un noticed for days and be fatal.
hour hearing cannot provide the experimentation and review necessary. Use of
motorized vehicles that allows families to stay together reduces stress on the
individuals and family. This “hearing” was not greatly advertised and I can see
animals as quoted below id likely only
2,400 animals to dart. This is the creation of 5 good jobs for darting etc.
rather than the helicopters, harassment, and death, and including the bird
BLM TO HOST STATEWIDE PUBLIC HEARING REGARDING USE OF
MOTORIZED VEHICLES AND AIRCRAFT IN THE WILD HORSE AND BURRO PROGRAM
of Land Management (BLM) will host its annual statewide public hearing at the
BLM Vernal Field Office to discuss the use of helicopters and motorized
vehicles in the management of wild horses and burros on Utah’s public
hearing will take place:
Dec. 11, 2018, 6–7 p.m.
Vernal Field Office
S 500 E
and motorized vehicle usage is a critical tool for managing wild horses and
burros on public lands,” said Gus Warr, BLM Utah Wild Horse and Burro State
Lead. “These management tools allow us to conduct aerial population
surveys, monitor animal distribution, conduct safe and effective gathers, and
transport captured animals in a humane and efficient manner.”
current statewide wild horse and burro population numbers currently exceed
4,800 animals, which is more than 200 percent of the approved appropriate
management level of 2,000. Having an overabundance of wild horses and
burros above BLM management levels may cause resource damage resulting in
limited forage and water availability, which reduces the number of animals that
the land can support.
date, the BLM has removed more than 15,600 wild horses and burros from Utah’s
rangelands since legislated removals began in 1976. Over 8,100 of those
animals have been adopted or sold locally; the remainder were shipped outside
of Utah for adoption or holding in off-range pastures. Utah’s 2019
satellite adoptions start in March and continue monthly throughout the
state. Adoption locations are tentatively set for Farmington, Salt Lake
City, Heber City, and Delta, Utah. Animals are available for adoption on
a weekly basis at the Delta Wild Horse and Burro Facility.
additional information about the upcoming statewide public hearing, or future
wild horse and burro adoptions, visit www.blm.gov or contact the Utah Wild
Horse and Burro Hotline at (801) 539-4050 or Gus Warr at the BLM Utah State
Office at (801) 539-4057.
WHOA’s president Patience O’Dowd is also the founding Board member of Citizens Against Equine Slaughter.
the president of Citizens Against Equine Slaughter (CAES) a national 501c3
non-profit based in Oregon.
Lester Friedlander DVM BA of Bradford County Pennsylvania do swear under
penalty of perjury that the following statements are true to the best of my
purpose of CAES is as follows:
the practice of equine slaughter and protect equines from cruel and harmful
practices; Monitor the government’s land use and resource management activities,
as well as the impacts of agency decisions on equines;
and educate the public about the decisions and activities of government
agencies affecting equines; Work with the government, the public, and all
interested parties to promote sound policies and laws that protect equines.
prominently displayed at our website at citizensagainstequineslaughter.org
a contraceptive biologic such as the imuno-contraceptive native PZP, wild mares
can be pregnant year-round. They are polyestrous and usually become pregnant
between Spring and Fall. However, they can become pregnant late into fall and
winter and they carry their foals for eleven months. Hence, they can
easily be in any stage of pregnancy at any time of year.
to a Helicopter round up:
There is no separation of pregnant wild mares and this is not even practical.
There is no separation of newly born foals and this is not practical.
There is no separation of sick old or sick young foals and this is not practical.
There is no separation of injured wild horses and this is not practical.
There is no method to ensure the very young can keep up or not wear their new hooves.
Helicopters have generally been used for quick round ups in remote areas as was the Muddy Creek round-up.
There are deaths caused by roundup en masse generally reported by the BLM as at 1% however in the GAO report below it is clear that is not a full reporting of deaths due to helicopter roundups. See Attachment II. There were 362 deaths due to, or related to, helicopter roundups between 2005 and 2007 of those reported.
At the Muddy Creek Round up, both the Price Field office staff and the contractors left immediately after the round up and did not search for affected stragglers, injured, or dead as reported in the affidavit by CAES member Laurie McKline.
At the Muddy Creek Round as with the other BLM roundups upon information and belief, there were reportedly no cameras reported as utilized to the public and no cameras utilizing GPS as reported to the public on the helicopter/s.
The public is discouraged or not allowed to be out on the HMA during the round ups and are guarded by law enforcement agents.
points are simple fact. There is no significant, or across the board categorization
and sorting of wild horses prior to a helicopter round up. Wild Mares can and
do give birth year-round.
the above first 7 points alone, Helicopter roundups are by definition, and in
practice, inhumane, harassing and extreme animal cruelty as they generally
utilize stampede under terror of wild horses and their families over rough
terrain for miles. They can and do cause deaths during and after round ups.
Many of these deaths are not documented or discovered, and many are.
are no cameras, no transparency, and no post roundup discovery over or near the
route taken to look for injured or dead horses or their young and aborted.
the Secretary of the Interior can authorize a round up by helicopter as
clearly, this is a very dangerous situation for the wild horses. However, there
is no legal right to condone extreme animal cruelty, harassment and death as
wild horses are not livestock and Congress has not allowed treatment as
livestock or even less.
the availability of feasible and scientifically recommended alternatives per
the NAS Report (contraception) which can be utilized proactively, there is
little excuse for the unfeasible and highly probable unbridled harassment and
death against the intent of the
1971 Act and the will of the people.
is a preponderance of evidence of use of motorized vehicles and closed gates,
water removals, spikes, cover-ups etc. which tend to show that the remaining
wild horses at the Price HMA at Muddy Creek are in imminent danger of death by
imposed lack of water and by irresponsible and illegal management actions, as
shown in our membership’s affidavits.
horses are flight animals but that means only that they spook easily, it means
in fact that they are not comfortable with aircraft swooping down on them and
terrorizing them for long periods over long distances over various terrains at
speed essentially on a crowded and dangerous unimproved highway situation with
young and old etc.
myself have taken the class on darting wild horses (and other mammals) with
native Porcine Zona Pelucida (PZP) (now registered as Zona Stat H, by the EPA),
at the Science and Conservation Center in Billings Montana from the late Dr.
Jay Kirkpatrick himself.
horses are easily herded or lure trapped for darting one family at a time
they can be darted without trapping up to 50 meters away. The usual
excuse given for not utilizing native PZP is basically, how can we cover all
the remote areas?
wildlife is very often darted from helicopter for a variety of reasons.
This is often done by a veterinarian or a biologist etc. This is done
throughout the United States as well as across the continent of Africa for
I have also
been a trainer of Veterinarians at the USDA and am familiar with slaughtering
issues. I am profoundly against horse slaughter for humane reasons as horse
slaughter also cannot be accomplished humanely. I mention this because it is
also illegal to slaughter a pregnant mare even in Mexico, hence, pregnant mares
are rejected at the border for slaughter for human consumption.
Therefore, wild horses often
pregnant are therefore not suitable or legal in either wild horse slaughter or
for a helicopter round up. Both are extreme animal cruelty.
A helicopter can be more
humanely and feasibly used for darting of immunocontraception which is brief,
feasible, and the helicopter does not swoop down on the horses as seen here in
Attachment I at Muddy Creek and all other helicopter roundups.
are big differences between darting wild horses from a helicopter with
contraception and then leaving them on the range to live out their lives,
versus a helicopter stampede round-up and managing the HMA’s as breeding grounds
akin to Puppy Mills while torturing them and complaining about their birth
rate, ignoring the will of the people, the law, and wasting the taxpayer’s
Darting from Helicopter vs
Helicopter round up.
1. A mare will only be chased for seconds to
2. A family can stay together and be darted together for the most part.
3. The family does not have to leave their home and can live out their life in the wild on the range, and feasibly.
4. The helicopter does not need to swoop down to within 20 ft or less to harass and turn the horses, it can just follow them from above at their same speed and can dart from 50 meters away.
5. This distance will be less harassing, less traumatic and will not be causing/throwing the thick dust plumes full of debris at the wild horses as happened at the recent muddy creek round up. Video available by Laurie McKline. See screen shots attached.
6. It is highly unlikely that wild horses will develop a cough with this brief Protocol of darting by helicopter and he/she will subsequently remain on the range. Given GPS and cameras, darts can also be retrieved.
While it would seem that the coughing at the holding facility nine days after roundup might be due to the round itself, it is more likely that the coughing is due the wild horses being penned in a contaminated facility where bacteria and virus’ likely abound due to a constant flow of horses both owned and wild. Wild horses can and do suffer.
7. Darting will not
cause a loss of genetics as wild horses can live out their lives on the range
as intended, and no genetics will be removed. They will just take some years
off from reproduction here and there as planned/needed.
been a race track vet and understand the injuries of stampede running of
two-year old and older horses. Out on the range, there is no transparency
currently with no cameras on the helicopter until they come into view at the
very end of the miles long run. There is admittedly no documentation of
all the injuries or horses and foals which did not make it the miles to the
gather-site. There is no documentation of the foals born on the run and no one
to welcome them into the world, remove their placenta, and provide critically
needed sustenance, colostrum as well as protection and familial companionship.
Of the pregnant mares who foal in the few days after the round up, their foals
are likely to be born dead or die shortly after birth due to
the extreme stress put on their mothers in this terrifying stampede.
horses live in a harem structure or in bachelor bands. They are a herd animal
and live in family bands with a very hierarchical structure. These wild horses
know their families and depend on them for survival, companionship, grooming,
etc. The stallions spend 24×7 working to keep other stallions and danger away
from his harem.
what the Stallion lives for. A Stallion usually follows behind his family
band and ensures that the very young keep up with the herd and don’t get separated.
The young learn from him as they do from the hierarchy of mares and the lead
this is documented in the USGS Ethology of Feral Horses: Quantifying Equid
Behavior— A Research Ethogram for Free-Roaming Feral Horses by the USGS and Department
of Interior. See attachment 1.
reviewing the video/screenshots of the Muddy Creek gather recently, it is clear
that these horses may have long term health issues now due to the dust and the
miles traveled in the dryness and temperatures in the nineties during the round
up. One horse that will definitely not recover from this round up was shot.
BLM’s own report, a stallion kicked a young horse and it had to be put down.
Under the stress of the stampede roundup this is no surprise.
don’t usually run this far 5 miles plus switch backing, under such stress. This
is completely unnatural and cruel.
Attachment 2 Pictures with statements:
wild horses can also be easily lured trapped peacefully as is done routinely at
the Socorro Herd in New Mexico see BLM’s youtube video and even in the
remote and treeless areas of Nevada and Utah etc.
“helicopter darting would
still be better than removals in terms of humaneness, , because the harassment
is a matter of seconds to minutes, not like the misery of removals.”
Helicopter darting would and does
suffice in the remote and essentially treeless areas being used as an excuse
for the BLM to continue treating the BLM HMA’s like a Puppy Mill and then
brutally ripping them from their homes, families, in an extremely cruel and
unnatural procedure, the helicopter round up, pregnant, old, sick, injured, and
a wild horse once rounded up is at tremendous risk and likelihood of injury and
death by slaughter, even while in the care of the BLM itself. Much less, once
it is sold or adopted out. Once the property of an individual or corporation it
becomes legally livestock and though not raised as a food animal on a farm or
ranch, it may be subjected to slaughter for human consumption over the US borders.
A true food safety issue due to horse dumping of slaughter rejects and
Kleppe, a wild horse belongs to the people of the state where ever it walks and
it is protected. However, in some states and many counties, it is illegal to
harass a wild horse being considered an “animal”, wildlife, or feral and having
animal cruelty laws which make it illegal to harass a wild horse even before it
is rounded up as well as after. The US is a patchwork of animal cruelty laws
which apply to the federally wild horses.
patchwork of differing protections making it arbitrary and capricious to allow
wild horses anywhere to be treated with the extreme animal cruelty of a
helicopter round up, hence, the wild horses are protected from helicopter roundups.
This is akin to 9/11 The helicopter goes too
close and runs our natural resource the wild horse too hard and too long in
adverse conditions. This is unnatural and abusive. Thee wild horses belong to
the people. The helicopter goes to close to our property per FAA and too close
to the man holding the Judas horse. In other round ups foals have come in with
their hooves dangerously worn.
from this recent Muddy Creek HMA Round up from video by Laurie McKline
one not in order
Some redundant screen shots not included
Helicopter gather statistics and lack of
reporting was reported in the GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on Natural
Resources, House of Representatives – BUREAU OF LAND
MANAGEMENT – Effective Long-Term Options Needed to Manage Unadoptable Wild
WILD LANDS TO FEED LOTS – Conversion of public wild lands to low grade agricultural lands for non-native domesticated livestock using invasive or non-native species (including cheat grass and crested wheat grass). Brought in and allowed by Congress. Manipulated Extinction Equals Theft.
Per USDA Forest Service “nearly half of all species federally listed as threatened or endangered are thought to be at risk primarily due to the effects of invasive species.”
Teddy Roosevelt stated:
“the rights of the public to the natural resources outweigh private rights, and must be given its first consideration.”
AGAINST THE LAW – Destruction of our WILD “Things”, native animals and their habitat, in order to effectively turn our public lands over to Private AGRIBIZ.
Our Wild Natural Resources including: our native wild horses, their native predators, and the native flora (plants) that sustain their eco-system are being illegally managed to extinction, from both the bottom up, and from the top down.
From the bottom up our federal agencies, allowed by Congress, in cooperation with the states, have been allowing and using specific succession of seasonally inedible, non-native and highly flammable grasses causing mass extinctions of native plants and animals they support, followed by the introduction of crested wheat grass another flammable but edible grass, thereby conforming our wild lands into low grade flammable farmlands for Agribiz with little to no competition from the other remaining plants or species. In addition certain lands are being set on fire intentionally just as is the Amazon for the same purpose, Big US Agribiz.
From the top down native predators of the our native horse are being brutally managed to extinction by USDA wildlife services (trapping and poisoning) in cooperation with the states, while the horse is left without it’s natural manager and other humane contraceptive management is also with held (all illegally), and is forever being portrayed as unmanageable and put into non-transparent private hands, hence, into the slaughter pipeline under the guise of a “trusted” name, in this case, the ASPCA.
Thus effectively, our public wild lands are undergoing both a top down trophic cascade and a bottoms up trophic cascade, literally a ecological crisis, both allowed and caused.
Why? In order to enable an “accidental” LOOK GOOD, yet illegal theft of our Public Lands and Wildlife by/for Big AGRIBIZ.
Congress and the Executive Branch through time are working to further weaken the environmental laws that protect both the native plants and native wild life, as well as to silence public input. Now they conspire against our native wild horses behind a “trusted” name (ASPCA) for wild horse removal and thereby are working to effectively end the wild horse’s legal claim to these lands. As, once gone, the government refuses to bring them back.
To be sure, currently the LOOK GOOD bill to stop transfer of federal public lands to the states or to private hands, provide little to no protection against this covert ecological war against public lands and wildlife even if it did pass. It’s like a charming thug stopping his partner from “accidentally” knocking your purse right out of your hands, grabbing it for you saying “Don’t worry little Miss, I’m not a purse thief” while with a slight of his hand, empties out your purse and picks your pockets at the same time (without you realizing either, so he thinks) and hands your purse right back to you with a BIG smile, expecting a big thank you. Again, both conspiracy and theft, are illegal.
While it is not legal to conspire. . . here’s the status.
I. New BLM Director: “Conservative lawyer in favor of selling public lands picked to oversee BLM.”
However, the theft/wipe out of our wild species of animals and plants is already happening without selling our public lands, they are Agribiz lands being farmed already, with non-native grasses, for non-native cattle.
II. Trusted Name used for Wild Horse Wipe-Out Cover Up:
The ASPCA et. al. plan provides a “trusted” name for Congress to illegally conspire behind in order to remove our native wild horses from their rightful native public lands with political impunity, thereby leaving the wild horses vulnerable to the slaughter pipeline in non-transparent private hands, as well as effectively removing “protectors” of these public lands. Further making the lands more vulnerable to exploitation and sale.
Protectors of these public lands being: the horses themselves, the laws that the horses bring with them and the advocates they attract ( approx. 80% of Americans).
Contrary to the past “trusted name” of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), the ASPCA et al. plan is cruel. It is also scientifically and mathematically unsupported, and will cause increased birth rate and tens of thousands of wild horses to fill the AGRIBIZ slaughter pipeline. This is in no way innovative. It is the exact same illegal, inhumane, mismanagement as usual, just on a larger scale.
III. The Effective Land Grab – Wild lands turned into “farm” lands.
The intentional destruction of the native/horse habitat (in less than 10 yrs.) with thick carpeting blankets of non-native plants, which are inedible (by all but goats) due to their seeds all summer and very flammable during fire season.
Cheat Grass, Lepidium, Medusahead etc. are being “allowed” to tacitly destroy PUBLIC WILD LANDS habitats and entire eco-systems causing massive extinctions in the U.S. This however is not climate change.
The ASPCA Plan is a ten-year meat market plan which includes no resolution of invasive species, hence, by the end of the 10 years, the excuse will be, no carrying capacity for our native wild horses.
Once the wild horses are gone, the plan is apparently to install the next non-native grass, which is edible crested wheat grass, and then increase the number of cattle, but not bring the wild horses back.
CHEAT GRASS, it’s spread, it’s affects including fires, tremendously decreased carrying capacity, and native habitat destruction, as well as the governments mis-management and future plans regarding cheat grass has not been honestly addressed in any of the Wild horse Environmental Assessments. This is a significant issue in and of itself.
It’s an annual invasive grass that is native to Europe and eastern Asia, not North America. It was brought over by European settlers in the mid to late 1800s.
It probably wouldn’t have outcompeted native vegetation if early settlers hadn’t also introduced large numbers of livestock like cattle and sheep into sagebrush country. Our palatable native grasses and forbs weren’t adapted to those high levels of uncontrolled overgrazing by domestic livestock, which created a void that cheatgrass quickly filled. “
“. . . As for wildlife, the biggest threat from cheatgrass is the loss of habitat due to increased wildfires and the conversion of diverse native plant communities to monocultures of an annual grass.”
III. B. Our Government has been illegally turning our North American wild lands into a flammable mono-culture “farmland” for non-native plants and non-native livestock, right under our very noses.
WHOA regrets to say that it sees the governmental plans of re-seeding with flammable non-native plants extinction of our native plants and animals, followed by increased cattle grazing as an opportunistic and a non-beneficial taking of our wild lands by “farming” for non-native livestock on our public wild lands.Advocates need to oppose this intentional wipe out of habitat of our North American wild lands and eco-systems.
The government not only allows but it causes cheat grass to over run everything, to become a thick and flammable mono-culture which is inedible to all but goats when it has seeds (all summer). Cheat grass crowds out native flora and fauna, and also causes the burn out of native grasses due to much increased wildfires in both frequency and area. The government feigns cost issues as it's excuse of allowing this, then re-seeds with yet another non-native flammable invasive called crested wheat grass which can compete with cheat grass. Crested wheat grass is edible in summer, but is still flammable and able to crowd out native plants. The government then plans to increase livestock grazing, ostensibly in order to combat the crested wheat grass and cheat grass they planted! https://magicvalley.com/business/agriculture/blm-proposes-grazing-increase-in-new-land-decisions/article_446e5022-c5ea-55b7-b937-5edd1f774a16.html
“Western Watersheds Project Idaho Director Scott Lake said that increased grazing helps cheatgrass flourish. Cheatgrass, a non-native and invasive species, is especially flammable and is a major reason that fires in the West have become more severe.
“. . . “It’s an ecological disaster, the crested wheatgrass,” Fite said. “The fire problem has gotten worse with all the crested wheatgrass.”
“Crested wheatgrass . . . It is also more useful as a source of forage for livestock.”
“The BLM isn’t dedicating enough effort to bringing back native species in the Devil Creek subregion, Fite said. Essentially, the BLM is valuing ranching interests at the expense of native plants and animals, she said.”
“Critics say the decisions cave in to ranchers’ requests and make it unlikely sage grouse will return. They argue that increased grazing is an ineffective strategy for reducing wildfires.
CHEAT GRASS etc. ALTERNATIVES INCLUDE
Utilize WHOA National Plan to engage our public lands ranchers and make it worthwhile for them, by removing the conflict of interest for them, and first of all, stop re-seeding with non-native plants. Also, do not increase non-native cattle grazing in the fall. Rather, look at a combination of:
Re-seeding with only native seeds. No longer allow non-native seeds on public lands. (This requires states to enter into agreement.)
Wild horse grazing in order to:
a) spread the good native seeds year round (Only horses can do this given that they are not ruminants and their digestive system and roaming cause seeds to germinate faster, be dispersed far and wide.
b) to graze the (bad) non-native plants in the fall, winter, and spring to decrease them before they get to seed. (Neither horses or cattle will eat them after they seed.)
NOTE: Only horses can spread the good native seeds since horses are not ruminants their digestive system does not kill seeds, rather it helps seeds germinate quicker. But again, horses do not spread the non-native cheat grass seeds as they cannot eat them.
Bring in goats in the summer to graze these non-native plants in the summer.
Utilize the latest science, rather than hold it back with lack of funding. The EPA has approved a naturally occurring soil bacteria that inhibits growth of cheat grass. It is called D7 (Developed by Dr. Ann Kennedy).
“P. fluorescens could provide a cost-effective, scalable means to modify the seeding environment for desired species and boost success in post-fire restoration projects through reduction in invasive annual grass competition . . .”
Statutes including those below require that these noxious weeds be stopped and our environment protected (“whatever the cost”).
• 7 U.S. Code § 7701.Findings – Congress finds that— the detection, control, eradication, suppression, prevention, or retardation of the spread of plant pests or noxious weeds is necessary for the protection of the agriculture, environment, and economy of the United States; . . .
Endangered Species Act –
“The plain intent of Congress in enacting this statute was to halt and reverse the trend toward species extinction, whatever the cost. This is reflected not only in the stated policies of the Act, but in literally every section of the statute.”
There are some states in the west where our state governments feels that there are no laws protecting plant native species.
I-da-homeless – “Little Amazon”, BLM is currently burning 21 square miles of Old Growth Juniper Trees. Any small animal in the middle of this thoughtful burn will have to run about 10 miles to survive. Will there even be an estimate on collateral damage of the animals that used to live there, but are now charcoal?
Utah – Special Mention – Governor Gary Herbert and Representative Chris Stewart are a very active team against wild horses. Both admit that wild horses can be darted with in the remote areas from helicopters, but they rather instead to round them all up. They could just allow the natural predators of the horse to roam! No round ups, no contraception. Now there’s that ice-cube’s chance in Ida-hopeless.
Colorado – Where former Secretary Salazar hails from.
There are some laws and lack thereof, that are questionable with respect to constitutionality.
“All federal agencies are prohibited from authorizing, funding or carrying out actions that “destroy or adversely modify” critical habitats.”
IV. DIVIDE AND CONQUER – USING FALSE SCIENCE under color of law:
Americans have been SOLD the following set of divisive, incorrect propaganda with intent, with no basis in science, or in fact. This has effectively kept wild predator advocates away from unison with wild horse advocates by giving their animal a “higher status”, native for one, and feral for the other, and they fell for it, unfortunately, but . . . This has significantly contributed to lack of proper management of both our native wild horses and their native predators, both of which are being literally managed to extinction illegally.
Letters a through h below are nonsensical. However, WHOA will provide the details on this as we have both at NM legislature and in NM courts, however in a future post in order to save time here.
a) The iconic returned native Mega Fauna, the horse, is domesticated. Really?
b) If domesticated the horse is not native. Evolving here for 55 million years and gone for only 8000 years. Really?
c) Domestication is a genetic process. Domestication is not taming, it is not habituation, it is not simply breeding in captivity.
d) If not native, the horse has no native predators. Really?
e) If the horse has no native predators, or they are managed to extinction wild horses cannot be managed feasibly. Really?
f) The horses are too remote to be managed feasibly by contraception. Really? See WHOA National Plan.
g) Since horses are supposedly “non-native” and are “domestic” they cannot be defended by “real” environmental groups, only by “emotional types”. Good to know! “Old Misogynistic Rule?”
h) Since horses are “domestic”, they can be humanely slaughtered for human consumption. Really? Well, only behind a “trusted” name in order to put everyone’s mind falsely at ease as well as provide an excuse for those in power.
V. WILL SAFE ACT Co-SIGNERS TAKE COVER behind the ASPCA Name per the Plan? How about the previous ROAM Act Co-Signers and how about the previous Anti-Slaughter for Human Consumption Act Co-Signers before that?
Will they stand up and block the ASPCA meat market Plan in private hands? Or, will they only feign to block it? (Time will tell). Or, will we be insulted when/if they pretend it is a good plan and then conspire behind it while telling advocates it’s somehow their fault for lack of unity?
Congress has sent approximately 410 horses each and everyday, every year, over our borders to slaughter for 12 years! That’s 1.8 Million horses slaughtered, against the will of 80% of the people in our “Representational Democracy”.
The states ended horse slaughter and the feds send them over our borders and this is under both political parties. This is especially egregious when the border states could simply pass the Illinois law to disallow horse slaughter traffic through their states. Though on a silver platter, New Mexico has refused to do this so-far. We now have a previous SAFE ACT Co-Signer as Governor. . . No movement yet . . .
Lets expect our Congresspersons to have the courage of their, or our, convictions. Let’s ask them to make some deals! Call in some favors, make it happen NOW!
Or, ask your legislator/co-signer to BE A WHISTLE BLOWER on Congress! It will only take ONE Courageous whistle blower to turn this around. Out of all the co-signers, there must be at least 5 stand-up Legislators. Legislators, feel free to send info. to whoanm.org web page or to firstname.lastname@example.org or to message our facebook page Wild Horse Observers Association – WHOA. This can even be done anonymously.
VI. The Endangered Species Act is also under bi-partisan attack by Corporate Congress because endangered species laws also protect public lands from land grabs.
Re-wilding, sounds good! It’s a nice word, like ASPCA! However, sounds good, but is it?
Another smaller scale plan in the works in Congress. Under this “plan” a few wild horses will be taken out of public hands and into non-trans-parent/private hands under the Congressional guise of re-wilding. These wild horses will be at risk of the non-transparent pipeline to horse slaughter as meat in the AGRIBIZ meat market.
The planned and intentional ecological devastation in the U.S. by highly flammable cheat grass etc. has the same cause as the planned ecological devastation by fire that is happening in the Amazon which is also largely due to U.S. Livestock/AGRIBIZ. Remember 90 to 98% of Soybeans grown are used for food for livestock.
We in the U.S. and elsewhere are growing food for livestock not people. At the same-time we are wasting as well as polluting our fresh water resources on food for livestock, and oil from agriculture for fuel, not food for people.
These short-sighted corporate actions are also actions against indigenous peoples as well as against all peoples, wildlife and climate.
Please personalize: Ask them to STOP this THEFT IN PLACE of our wild lands. Or stop pulling the value out of our wildlands and turning them into livestock feedlots.
Please ask them to consider the WHOA National plan to remove the conflict of interest, heal the environment, save tax dollars, and work together. This will be automatically sent to your federal Senators.
Please also let them know you do not want our nation‘s natural resource managed in private hands with private funding as this is an veiled path to slaughter. This includes removing our horses from wild lands they are on to other “wild lands in private hands for re-wilding” .
Sign and Share SAFE ACT Petition – a MUST.. given this ASPCA Plan putting wild horses in non-transparent, underfunded hands, basically for slaughter in WHOA’s opinion. http://chng.it/J5NzHdLXq4 Over 26,000
Contact Western Watersheds
Public Policy Director
Western Watersheds Project
P.O. Box 1135
Hamilton, MT 59840
for Wild Horses and Burros Management, Wildlife Eco-systems,
Methane & Greenhouse-Gasses
Problem Definition => Conflict of interest by design
WHOA offers an innovative solution for wild horse management that is feasible for the wild horses, burros, Public Lands Ranchers (Permittee s), the people, the horse industry and, importantly; reduces court actions from all sides by removing the root cause, which is a conflict of interest.
Due to the management plans since 1971, in fact the wild horse is less than worth-less, monetarily speaking, to the Public Lands Rancher (Permittee) vs. the American Public who view them as intrinsically valuable. In order to remove this resultant conflict of interest, the actual monetary value of each wild horse must rise to that of a cow/calf, for the Permittee.
The solution must also
feasibly take into account climate change and the fact that both sides of the
aisle recognize that creative remedies are needed now*1.
The Permittees must also be
paid for improving carbon sequestration on the range and reflectivity/albedo*2
as appropriate, along with working issues of watershed, soil, planting trees,
re-seeding, drilling wells, installing windmills for year-round water as
needed, for both cattle and wildlife/wild horses.
To wit the Green New Deal
from the Democrats and the Green Real Deal from the Republicans also according
to the United Nations’
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 12-year ultimatum on climate
Summary Proposal – End Conflict of Interest – Design Feasible Root
The BLM has stated to
Congress repeatedly that to warehouse a wild horse for its lifetime costs the
nation approximately $50,000 each. However, just half of this could be better
spent on public lands, paying ranchers for wild horse and burro management by
immuno-contraceptive darting once per year, on the range, rather than paying
$1000/horse for helicopter round up and $2000/year thereafter in holding. This
would end the mounting numbers in long term holding and the $2000/yr. per
Rather than the traditional
expensive and dangerous round ups, transport, holding and feeding for 25 years,
the Permittee will be paid for the three management items below:
1.Equivalent Payment for Partial Resting of Permit: Similar to farmers being paid to rest their lands, ranchers would count the horses (perform a census*3) and determine if the wild horse number is greater than the Appropriate Management Level (AML)*4. This is called the overage*5. If this overage is significant enough, environmentally speaking, to choose to put less cattle out, then the Permittee will instead be paid the same as cow/calf for the number of horses over AML/overage. Or rather, the number of cattle removed would be equal to the number of wild horses over AML and the rancher will receive an equivalent payment for partial resting of the permit. Hence, the Permittee, the wild horses and the range are all protected and the conflict of interest is removed, when combined with item no. 2 below.
2.Payment for PZP*6 Darting: Permittees (or BLM contractors) must be paid equivalent to a cow/calf to manage each wild mare with PZP Fertility control as needed. PZP darting will be provided to all females each year, (as needed) on and off, in order to both preserve genetic health of the herd as needed to work towards a population where the herd is at AML (However the NAS takes issue with the AML determination methods). Working toward the birth rate being equal to the attrition rate. Hence flat line population growth without round ups. The rancher will provide digital pictorial documentation.
3.Payment for Environmental Defense and Preservation: Under the purview of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) or United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USDA FS), the public lands rancher needs to also become our first line of defense on public lands to fight climate change as front-line range and environmental stewards. This will address reflectivity of the environment/albedo the amount of methane, watershed, forest fires and biodiversity.
This is also recognizing the
public lands stewardship these Permittees already do (while the cattle are on
the permit) however, often not year-round, by ensuring water for grazing
animals, planting seeds, sometimes planting or removing trees and addressing
watersheds as well as erosion.
Water supplies will also need
to be ensured for the time the cattle are off the allotment, at a minimum by
ensuring allotment gates are locked open so that wild horses can then roam to
water. They may also work improvements to watershed, erosion etc.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that enteric fermentation*7 and
manure (largely from cattle) are the number one source of methane in the United
States. Methane is 84 times more heat trapping than CO2 in the first two
decades. However, when wild horses are over AML, IF the Permittees reduce
cattle and are paid, this also results in Methane reduction.
NOTE: Remote Areas: The BLM and USDA FS state to
Congress that they cannot get to the more remote areas in order to manage the
wild horses and burros with contraception. However, the Permittees are already
in/near these areas with the cattle they manage.
NOTE: Native Predators: Mountain Lions, Wolves, etc.
are being killed by USDA Wildlife Services ($121 Million/yr.) due largely to
their predation on non-native cattle/beef from Asia. Livestock owners are often
paid for depredation. Hence, whether one agrees or disagrees as to the native
status of the legally wild horse, or it’s domestication, it is preposterous to
say that a predator can differentiate or has a prejudice against eating horse
meat because they can somehow sense they may be domesticated vs. wild.
(Regardless, horses evolved entirely here in North America for over 55 Million
years with the modern horse having appeared between 2 and 4 million
NOTE: Puppy Mill Management (unchecked breeding): Under
the current management structure, the wild horse has lost its value through
(unchecked breeding), due to the expensive wipe out of predators and virtually
no contraceptives substituted in their absence.
To wit, the BLM states that it started with only 25,000 wild horses, however proudly claims it has homed 245,000 horses.
Further removals of thousands of wild horses have significantly affected supply and demand for adoptions, which is clearly self-defeating for the BLM and detrimental to the horse industry, and many of these are at high risk of slaughter.
Occasional mares are PZP’d
off range and released after an expensive and illegal helicopter round up,
thereby completely defeating the feasible, legal, and humane purpose of
(non-experimental) and dartable PZP – ON Range Management.
Puppy Mill Management thereby puts all sides at risk on many levels including legal, fiscal, humane:
Reference: Citizens Against Equine Slaughter (CAES) Muddy Creek Utah Administrative Appeal No. IBLA-2018-0192 awaiting IBLA* Action.
Wild Horse Observers Association IBLA-2017-0048 awaiting IBLA Action. CAES IBLA NO.s IBLA-2016-243 and IBLA-2019-0015 : Both were remanded back to BLM: regarding blind “surgical” sterilization by ovariectomy which is also illegal, inhumane, and fiscally irresponsible, moreover requires routine round ups as usual.
CAES IBLA NO.s IBLA-2016-243 and IBLA-2019-0015 : Both Remanded back to BLM regarding blind “surgical” sterilization by ovariectomy which is also illegal, inhumane, and fiscally irresponsible,
Moreover sterilization by ovariectomy requires routine round ups as usual and all the horses are still rounded up because the BLM cannot easily only round up the un-sterilized mares.) Cruel and Costly.
CAES filed two administrative appeals to STOP ovariectomies rather than to WATCH ovariectomies, which are done blind anyway without ability to see internally by scopes! CAES filed IBLA Administrative Appeals and stopped this unnecessary and expensive barbaric process and Won both times.
Additionally, regarding humane animal affairs no employee or contractor with DSM-5; PID-5; antisocial personality disorder; personality disorders; psychopathy should play any decision making or hands on role for wild horses and burros.
We understand that change is
sometimes difficult. However, under this new structure, young and old public
lands ranchers and Permittees can have hands-on education, based on each area’s
environmental and wild horse management needs.
This would help to guarantee
their long-term ranching future by continually paying them equitably for
providing some of the services they currently already do in part for free, in
order to enhance their ranching incomes.
*1 The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: 12 year ultimatum
*2Albedo: “is the percentage of solar radiation reflected by an object. … A pure black object would absorb all radiation and have an albedo of 0%. Bright Earth features such as clouds, fresh snow, and ice have albedos that range from 50% to 95”
*4AML: Appropriate Management Level (AML), which is the number of wild horses and burros that can thrive in balance with other public land resources and uses.
*5Overage: Total census (including babies) minus AML.
*6PZP: Porcine Zona Pelucida an Immuno-contraceptive: The formulation for wild horses is registered with the EPA as Zona Stat-H for wild horses and as Zona Stat-D for Deer. It is not hormonal and does not affect behavior. This contraceptive lasts for 1 year and reaches full efficacy once boosted. Thereafter boosters are no longer needed even if a year is skipped.
*7 Enteric Fermentation: Ruminant Digestive process. Per EPA “Enteric fermentation is the largest
anthropogenic source of CH4 emissions in the
United States”. . .”This increase in emissions from 1990 to 2017 generally
follows the increasing trends in cattle populations.” (This does not even
include the Methane from associated manure).”
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